Business

net or gross, what is the new amount?


SMIC 2022. The amount of the SMIC, the minimum growth wage, has been increased as of 1 May. What will really be the impact of this increase on the wage bill, gross and net? Here you will find all figures about the minimum wage and practical information.

[Mis à jour le 4 mai 2022 à 10h12] After the traditional increase of January 1stthe minimum wage was raised again as of 1 May 2022. If the government welcomed the increase in the minimum wage, this increase is actually in black and white in the texts of the Labor Act. As soon as the inflation level exceeds the 2% threshold, an increase in the minimum wage must be pronounced by the Ministry of Labor. The target? Fight against the rise in consumer prices (+4.5% in March 2022 over twelve rolling months). How much is this increase in the minimum wage? The increase on May 1 is 2.65%on top of the automatic revaluation of 1 January (+0.9%).

In four months’ time, the minimum growth wage will have risen by 3.55%. So how much does an employee who is paid at minimum wage earn now? With this second increase in a year’s time, the minimum monthly net growth wage goes from 1,269 euros to 1,302 euros. That is a net profit of 34 euros per month. The monthly gross minimum wage in turn increases by 42 euros, from 1,603 euros to € 1,645.58† As a reminder, the traditional revaluation of the Smic is carried out on the basis of half the purchasing power gain of the average hourly wage of blue-collar workers.

After an increase of 0.9% at the beginning of 2022, the minimum wage will now be increased to € 1645.58 gross per month, compared to 1,589.47 euros gross per month last year. In 2021, the Smic had already experienced a fairly unprecedented revaluation of 2.2% to offset the price increase of more than 2% between November 2020 and August 2021. It was the first time since 2011 that there was an automatic increase outside January 1 . As a reminder, if an employer were to pay one of its employees below the statutory minimum wage, the latter could be fined €1,500† He can also be ordered to pay damage and interests to the employee.

The minimum wage will therefore have a second increase on 1 May 2022. In order to take into account the rise in inflation (+4.5% in March over a year), the minimum growth wage will be increased by 2.65%, a net increase of 34 euros per month. In other words, the net minimum wage goes from 1,269 euros to 1,302.64 euros net, an increase on Sunday 1 May.

The minimum wage is re-established every year. As of January 1, 2022 it is reaches 1,603 euros gross per month based on 35 hours per week† This increase is the result of both the evolution of inflation and the increase in the wages of blue-collar and white-collar workers. On May 1, 2022, a new increase after inflation took effect, bringing the gross minimum wage to 1645.58 euros. As an indication, here is the evolution of the amount of the minimum wage since 2010:

Evolution of the minimum wage since 2010
Year Amount of the minimum hourly wage (gross) Level of the monthly minimum wage (gross)
January 2010 €8.86 €1,343.77
January 2011 9 euros €1,365
Dec 2011 € 9.19 €1,393.82
January 2012 €9.22 €1,398.37
July 2012 € 9.40 €1,425.67
January 2013 € 9.43 €1,430.22
January 2014 €9.53 € 1,445.38
January 2015 € 9.61 €1,457.52
January 2016 € 9.67 €1,466.62
January 2017 € 9.76 €1,480.27
January 2018 € 9.88 €1,498.47
January 2019 €10.03 € 1,521.22
January 2020 €10.15 € 1,539.42
January 2021 €10.25 € 1,554.58
January 2022 €10.57 €1,603
May 2022 €10.85 € 1,645

The achieved monthly net minimum wage 1,302.64 euros, compared to 1,269 euros on January 1, and 1,231 euros in 2021. As a reminder, here is the evolution of the amount of the net minimum wage, in recent years, amounted to:

Amount of net minimum wage
Year Amount of the net monthly minimum wage
January 2016 €1,143
January 2017 €1,149.07
January 2018 €1,174.93
January 2019 €1,204
January 2020 €1,219
January 2021 € 1,231
January 2022 € 1,269.45
May 2022 €1,302

“The amount of the net minimum wage that the employee receives depends on the company involved and on certain contributions related to the sector of activity,” the public service recalled on the dedicated page.

The level of the minimum hourly wage (gross) is 10.85 euros, compared to 10.57 euros on 1 January 2022 and 10.25 euros earlier. As a reminder: the level of the minimum hourly wage in recent years has been:

Amount of the minimum hourly wage (gross)
Year Amount of the minimum hourly wage (gross)
January 2016 € 9.67
January 2017 € 9.76
January 2018 € 9.88
January 2019 €10.03
January 2020 €10.15
January 2021 €10.25
January 2022 €10.57
May 2022 €10.85

The amount of the Smic per hour is highly variable. Keep in mind that the amount per pay slip may differ due to the amount of social security contributions that are deducted from the gross minimum hourly wage. In January 2022, the amount of the Net minimum hourly wage was about €8.37† For example, it was weaker between January and September 2021, measured at 8.11 euros.

The minimum growth wage corresponds to the statutory minimum hourly wage that the employee must receive. In certain cases, deductions do apply (pupils and employees under the age of 18). the hourly rate is of €10.85 since May 2022, this is the amount paid for one hour of work. Unlike the monthly Smic, which is modeled based on 35 hours per week.

The amount of the annual Smic is obtained by multiplying the amount of the monthly Smic (above) by the number of months of the year, so 12. Please note, if you are benefiting from a 13th month paid to your employer, this is not part of the calculation of the annual minimum wage. Referring to the new amount of the Smic 2022 valid since May 1, 2022, the net annual Smic . is €15,631.68 (1302.64×12). For its part, the gross annual minimum wage increases to €19,746 (1645.58×12).

The Smic in France is 10.85 euros gross per hour with a working time of 35 hours. Not all member states of the European Union have one, but for those that do, the differences are quite significant. According to Eurostat data, the lowest Smic in Europe is the Smic in Bulgaria (332 euros per month). The highest minimum wage in Europe is located in Luxembourg (2,257 euros).

Some Member States such as Austria, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Italy and Sweden have a minimum wage per establishment. The minimum wage can also be determined for these countries through negotiations between the social partners.

The case of Switzerland is a bit special because only 5 cantons have a minimum wage. Geneva, Neuchâtel, Jura, Ticino and Basel City. It is not the same between the different cantons.

  • Geneva : 3,870 euros
  • Neuchatel : 3,370 euros
  • Jura : 3,370 euros
  • Ticino : 2,960 euros

Outside of that of the cantons, there is no minimum wage in Switzerland at the country level for various reasons. The first is that Switzerland is a federal state and each canton remains sovereign. Keep in mind that the Swiss Smic remains on average 60% higher than the Smic in France.

Since January 1, 2018, there is a legal minimum wage in Germany. From now on, a minimum wage will be re-established and reached every two years € 9.82 of the hour since January 1, 2022. A subsequent revaluation should occur on July 1, 2022 and would german minimum wage up to the height of €10.45 gross of the hour.

In France, the Smic was revalued on January 1, 2022 to take into account price changes between August and November 2021. Employees were entitled to a minimum increase of 0.9% at the start of the year. As a result, the monthly net minimum wage fell from 1,231 euros in 2021 to € 1,269.45 in 2022† The monthly gross minimum wage increases from 1,554.58 euros to 1,603 euros on January 1, 2022

The Smic is revalued every year on the 1er January. It is indexed to inflation measured for the 20% of households with the lowest incomes. The revaluation of the Smic is carried out on the basis of half of the purchasing power gain of the average hourly wage of blue-collar workers. An increase will also be implemented as soon as inflation rises above 2%.

Employees who exercise a professional activity in the catering industry have a different minimum wage than the legal Smic, called minimum wage† At first glance, the hotel minimum wage seems more advantageous than the statutory minimum wage, but it is worth taking a closer look. The hotel minimum wage is calculated on 39 hours a week, and no more than 35 hours. Another important difference is that when an employee receives the hotel’s minimum wage, he automatically enjoys a 10% more overtime performed between the 36th and 39th hour. This is why the net monthly salary for the hotel €1,430† Above the compensation of the classic minimum wage (1,269.45 euros) due to the increase in overtime. The gross monthly salary in the hotel is €1,804.65

The applicable collective labor agreement usually provides for a conventional minimum wage. If the agreed minimum is lower than the Smic, the employer pays a salary supplement to reach the amount of the Smic. If the conventional minimum is higher than the Smic, the employer pays what is arranged in the collective labor agreement.