“The images of the Boutcha massacres made it possible to immediately deconstruct Russian propaganda”

Stand. Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksii Reznikov declared on April 3: “The whole world needs to know: in this century, humanity will experience the new Nuremberg trials. They take place in The Hague, Kharkiv, Boutcha or Irpin. † The next day, President Volodymyr Zelensky addressed the Russian people as follows: “The time will come when every Russian will learn the whole truth about which of his fellow citizens killed. Who gave orders. Who has turned a blind eye to the murders (…) We are now in 2022. And we have many more tools than the ones the Nazis chased after World War II. †

Depuis le début de la guerre d’agression conduite par la Russie contre l’Ukraine, la capacité des dirigeants ukrainiens à préparer immédiatement, au level national, la mise en jugement des crimes commis contre la population civile est particule to remarquable,le faut remarquable Which the International Criminal Court (ICC) is investigating. Trials held at the scene of the crimes may indeed be accompanied by those under a supranational authority, as was the case in 1945. And President Zelensky rightly points out that the investigative resources now available to investigators are more numerous than at the end of World War II.

Facing atrocities

The image plays an essential role in these information sources. While the Nazis had prevented the production, and especially the dissemination, of images of the crimes committed in the East and the destruction of the Jews in Europe, one of the very first decisions of the US Attorney General, a few days after the opening of the Nuremberg Trials, to place the Nazi leaders in front of the images of the concentration camps taken by the Allies. The projection of images, qualified as evidence by the Court, had three functions: to testify to the crimes committed by making them credible; force the defendants to face their atrocities visually; cross-reference the images with other documents and testimonies, subjecting them to the adversarial debate specific to the judicial authority.

Read also the editorial of “Le Monde”: Both in Mali and Ukraine, those responsible for war crimes must be brought to justice

Today, both in Kharkiv and The Hague, the first investigations are carrying out a documentation work, including the collection of traces, written reports, testimonies and images. on his side, Russian counterpropaganda, if under his influence it was able to unfold at ease in the official media and on certain social networks, was so rude and cynical that its meaning is very limited.

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