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the threefold division of the political landscape in the first round

Every presidential election has its lessons. The 2022 vintage is no exception to the rule. Cruel to the candidates of the traditional parties of the Vand Republic, he plays out a duel that many voters feared. Outgoing president Emmanuel Macron and National Rally candidate Marine Le Pen reproduce the face-to-face of five years ago against a backdrop of significant first-round abstention.

Unsurprisingly, the departments where we voted the least are the overseas departments (55.93%). In Corsica, the abstention rate is more than 37%, as part of the independence movement has called for a boycott of the vote. And, as traditional, it is in the departments of the south-west that the participation is strongest with a record 81.42% in Haute-Garonne.

Emmanuel Macron, who takes the lead in 52 divisions, will undoubtedly dominate this first round of the presidential election. While Marine Le Pen comes first in 42 divisions. The third man in the vote, the candidate of La France insoumise (LFI), Jean-Luc Mélenchon, won in 12 divisions.

Small candidates struggled to exist

At the headquarters of La République en Marche in Paris, LRM activists watch the rebroadcast of the statement of the candidate of La France insoumise, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, after the announcement of the results of the first round of the presidential elections, on April 10 2022.

The Member of Parliament for Pas-de-Calais exceeds 38% in three departments, which have become election after election constituencies for the National Rally: Mayotte (42.67%), Aisne (39.27%) and Pas-de-Calais ( 38.68%). He also achieves his best score for the head of state in an overseas territory. With 40.51% of the votes cast, New Caledonia converted to Macronism after the “no” victory in the independence referendum. In mainland France, Hauts-de-Seine (37.11%), Mayenne (36.4%), Vendée (35.64%) and Maine-et-Loire (35.6%), followed by ‘Ille -et-Villaine (34.5%), which brought the candidate of La République en Marche (LRM) his best results. Sign that Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s special attention to the overseas territories is bearing fruit, the latter is widely praised and even surpasses 50% of the votes in Guadeloupe (56.16%), in Martinique (53.10%) and Guyana ( 50.59%). In mainland France, only Seine-Saint-Denis appears in this list (49.09%).

Also read: Article reserved for our subscribers Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen in the second round, Jean-Luc Mélenchon as referee and behind political chaos

On the other hand, the small candidates had a hard time surviving in this first round. Starting with the two candidates of the so-called government parties: Valérie Pécresse for Les Républicains and Anne Hidalgo for the Socialist Party† The former scores its only notable score in Wallis and Futuna with 25.28%. The second best score is in Corrèze, but does not exceed 10% (8.61%). The defeat is so colossal that in five departments (Ariège, Guadeloupe, Réunion, Guyana, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon) it does not even reach 3%. The best score of the socialist candidate is in the Landes department, with 3.52% of the votes cast.

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